Knoxville, Tennesee Mosquito Guide, 2016

Since the mosquito populations worse than they have ever been, and the recent media uprising surrounding the Zika virus, 2016 is proving to be the year of the mosquito. In fact, Bulwark Exterminating is being flooded with constant calls from homeowners searching for remedy from these annoying, blood-sucking pests.

In reality these pests are a leading concern due to the diseases they transmit and how they can adversely affect an economy by inhibiting outdoor recreation and production due to their serious pestering.

The wonderful news is that mosquitoes can be successfully managed through studious efforts from both homeowners and pest control specialists.

Here’s what you require to understand about these bothersome yet dangerous pests; your 2016 mosquito guide:

Understanding The Mosquito Basics

Arm_MosquitoBoth male and female adult mosquitoes feed on the nectar from plants to retrieve nutrients to survive. Female mosquitoes also require the protein sought after in the blood of animals to support the creation of eggs. Male mosquitoes do not call for blood meals and therefore do not bite. Between the numerous species of mosquitoes, females can eat human and animal blood anytime of the day.

Mosquito eggs must be placed in still water to develop, and the eggs usually tend to spawn in just a few days. Any thing that is capable of retaining water for seven or more days is a potential production location for mosquitoes. This can include jars, rain barrels, and old tires. Under ideal scenarios, a female mosquito can create 50-500 eggs in her first offspring.

Diseases Transmitted By Mosquitoes

It is mentioned that mosquitoes stand a greater menace to human health and survival than any other species worldwide. Malaria and Yellow Fever account for roughly 1,060,000 fatalities per year worldwide. Albeit these diseases seldom occur in the US, these numbers are increasing and outbreaks are spreading.

A few diseases that occurin the US as a consequence of mosquito bites comprise of:

  • West Nile Virus – Few incidents have caused fatal neurological disease in humans.
  • Zika Fever – A disease that may lead to birth defects in pregnant women.
  • Dengue – An illness induced by a virus that is advanced through mosquito bites. Produces flu like elements and in scarce cases leads to death.

What's All This Around Zika?

Virus_Spreads_NewspaperZika virus has grown an increasing foothold across the Americas and Pacific islands. The virus, which is transmitted principally via mosquitoes, is a component of a group of viruses closely linked to other mosquito-borne infections, including dengue, West Nile, and yellow fever. They’re geographically in comparable areas, and they also possess scores of the similar symptoms.

Once infected with Zika, only about 20% of people ever exhibit symptoms of the virus, which most usually encompass fever, rash, joint pain, and red eyes.

Vaccines do not exist at the moment and treatments for the virus are sparse. A frightening reason Zika is concerning is because it is a cause of birth defects including microcephaly (a case where the baby’s head is abnormally small) in infants whose mom have had Zika. The virus also been linked to a neurological condition called Guillain-Barré Syndrome.

Successful Mosquito Reduction: Inspection

Finding the spots where mosquitoes put their eggs is the important first step in managing mosquitoes. Without controlling or removing the source, mosquitoes will remain a continuous war.

Important inspection spots include:

  • Ornamental ponds and natural bodies of water
  • Green pools
  • Jars/flower buckets and discarded things that might be carrying water
  • Rain gutters and crawl spaces
  • Former car tires
  • Landscaping and irrigation systems
  • Bird baths/fountains
  • Holes in trees
  • Buckets/tub
  • Wheel barrels

Basically, any location adequate for holding standing water for seven or more days is a probable production site for mosquitoes. Nonessential water holders should be dumped and discarded if possible.

Successful Mosquito Reduction: Treament

A two designed tactic consisting of larvacide mosquito dunks combined with a regular barrier application is recommended to substantially slash the mosquito population on your estate.

A close up shot of the common pest mosquito, Aedes vexans, resting on the water it just emerged from.  Below the water surface are several pupae waiting to emerge.

Larvicide Mosquito Dunks

Larvacide mosquito dunks are an insecticide which is specifically aimed for the larval life stage of an insect. A tablet is introduced into the stagnant water where mosquito larvae are observed. These mosquito dunks address the ponds and/or additional standing water sources, preventing mosquito larvae from spreading into breeding, biting, adults.

Barrier Treatment

Thick vegetation nearby a residence might provide attractive resting locations for various mosquito species. Mosquitoes nest on the underside of foliage. Mosquito fogging is an extremely effective manner of depositing a residual product on the underside of foliage. By fogging the undersides of plants and trees with a specialized pest control fogger with a combination of specific mosquito control product leaves a enduring residual where adult mosquitoes nest. Additionally, these products will also be pulled up by the adults and transmitted to water areas when eggs are placed. This will dispatch of adult mosquitoes and assist in halting the local population’s reproduction cycle.

Permanent Mosquito Control

Mosquito_SwarmThe unfortunate truth is that mosquitoes can fly up to five miles probing for a blood snack. While taking the above treatment techniques will drastically diminish the number of mosquitoes you’ll observer in your household and on your property, a neighborhood effort should be made to free yourself of them completely. Work with your community to eradicate standing water on their yards. Stuff like unkempt pools can be brought to the debate of local community agencies and HOA’s so they may be dealt with.

Through active efforts from both property owners and pest control experts, mosquitoes can be successfully managed.